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Technical manual Counter Intelligence Corps

War Department

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Page  [unnumbered]0 7 30-215 WAR DEPART'I FT TWiNICAL MANUAL CUNTER INEULIGNCE CORPS la 22 September 1943 4 Dissemination of restricted matter.-- The information contained in restricted documents and the essential characteristics of restricted material may be given to any person known to be in the service of the United States and to persons of undoubted loyalty and discretion who are cooperating in Goverrnment work, but will not be ccmunicated to the public or to the press except by authorized military public relations agencies. (See also par. 18b, AR 380-5, 28 Sep 1942. )

Page  [unnumbered],c,3(1?.1 TECHNICAL MANUAL No. 30-215 WAF rf 'AP F T, WASHIbGTCN 25, D.C.., 22 Septe ceer 1-43. COUNTER INTELLIGENCE CORPS SECTION I. General. Purpose...... Freedom of action. General supervision Function of commana Jurisdiction... Power of arrest.. Publicity..... Paragraph I 2 3 4 c 6 7 FPage 2 2 2 2 2 II. Organization. General......... Disposition....... Peplacement of personnel Command......... Internal organization of deta c munent. Personnel. General.................... Procurement of ccixsRni oned personnel Gualifications 01 commissioned personnel........... Irocurement of enlisted personnel.. Qualifications of enlisted personnel Background investigations.... IV. Training. General.................... Training program...... V. Administration. General.................... Records and reForts......... Assignment,'promotion, and transler of commissioned personnel..... Assignment, promotion, reduction, and transfer of enlisted pers: '.l.. Finance.............. Civilian clothing.......... Preparation of vouchers and -xpense accounts.............. Salaries, gifts, gratuitiez. and favors............... 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24?P 26 27 2q 3 3 6 5 6 7 7 K t5 15 74 -50968ABCD

Page  [unnumbered]VI. Supply. Paragraph Page General. 29 17 Procuremrent of investiwative equipment andd sippl lea............ 30 17 Property responsibility and accountability 31 18 An unition 32 18 Maintenance of investigative equiicrent 33 19 Gasno l ine rationing "C" books 34 19 Procurement of tires and tubes for privately owned autorcbiles.........35 19 VII Operations. General....................20a Charriels of communication..........37 20 Cred e ntisalsa and tadges...........38 2) Duties and functicns of counter intelligence carps de tachvrnts.. 39 20 Coordination................40 20 Liaison with other agencies.........41 22 Civil situation overseas...........42 22 Special missions..............43 23

Page  1SXCIOO I GF'ERAL. Paragraph Purpose... 1 Freedom of action. 2 General supervision 3 Function of comsand 4 Jurisdiction... 5 Power of arrest. 6 Publicity.... 7 1. Purpose.--a. In addition to the couriterihtelligence responsibilities recognized in 30-25 and the usual field security counterlnte.lligence mission, there exist other counterintelligence responsibilities which fall upon cxmnnanders of geographical areas and which must be assumed by theater commanders and the caom ranotw o1 units therein, but for which no personnel vision is made in Tables of Organization. These responsibilities are those connectea with prevention or neutralization of the activities of enemy agents within the territory occupied. Included in these responsibilities are the need for the prevention of the entrance of enemy spies into the territory and the prevention of their communication of information obtained to the enemy once they are in such territory, together with the neutralization of their espionage activities. Also incluoed is the need for the prevention of the entrance of enemy saboteurs into the territory and the prevention of their reaching installations vital to the military effort. This counterintelligence mission requires personnel particularly trained and specially qcr.alified. The fulfillment of this phase of the counterintelligence mission demands organization upon a territorial basie, with provision for personnel to remain in the territory, operating without being moved with tactical organizations. The necessity that a number of men in this work be placed undercover for long periods of time and that many operate over exterded periods without in any way disclosing their connection with the Army, emphactzes tnc need for a Corps free from the limitations and the control of smaller tactical Un.: * s. b. The mission of the Counter Intelligence Corps is to furnish appropriate commanders with carefully selected personnel specially trained and equipped to assist commanders in the performance of the duties incident to this type of counterintelligence coverage and the riseslor. of field security. It will not serve tc replace or assume responsibility for tactical security or couwtersubversive installations rrescribed for all field force units. Q. In order to accomplish this mission, the Counter Intelligence Corps will utilize commissioned and enlisted personnel which has been carefully selected and thoroughly trained. This personnel will be fully investigated as to its loyalty, discretion, and basic qualificationras prior to its transfer to the Counter Intelligence Corps. d. This anual furnishes the basic prirciples of the operation of the Counter Intellience Corps anrc it will govern the organization, administration, operation and employment of Counter Intelligence Corps personnel. Where applicable, its provisions apply equally to Counter Intelligence Corps activities in the zone of the interior and in theaters of operati ons. 2. Freedom of action.--a. It is essential to the effective accomplishment of the Counter Intelligence Corps mission that the personnel of the Corps be encouraged to exercise....,:... the Lu h.... ".. t a It1 l"tes....... strictions upoc its movements or channels of communication. Counter Intelligence Corps credentials and beiages will be. honored at all t:mee. The personnel of the Corps is frequently tioua action sa, when engaged upon such misnlons, it must not be delayed by the observance of standard cLstous and prohibitions. Speed is an essential of counterintelligence, and lateral coom.ur.-ation between Counter Intell gence Corps echelons is authorized. - 1 -

Page  2b. In order for Counter Intelligence Corps detachments to perform their missions effecLively, expeditiously, and in a secret manner, it is essential that the cun wanding officer of ea.rh detachwent haYve full authority, in appropriate circumstancon, to direct tlhe movemet of his men within the area of his jurisdiction upon his verbal authuorintion and without eithr previous or subsequent written orders. It Is further advisable that the comnmanding officer of the Counter Intelligence Corps detachment attached to a theater of orer tior ns be designated an assistant adjutant general for purposes of preparing and issuing classified orders to Counter Intelligence Corps personnel. 3. General supervision.--The Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department, will prescribe policies governing the administration, operation, and employment of the Counter Intelligence Corps. The Military Intelligence Service, War Department, acting through the office of the Chiet, Counter Intelligence Corps, will render general supervision over all Counter Intelligence Corps activities, but the immediate supervision of operational activities of the Counter Intelligence Corps will be exercised by the commands in which detachments are serving. 4. FuncL on of coand.--The employment of the Counter Intelligence Corps is a basic function of courand and is an operational activity. The commander of any organization with which Counter Intelligence Corps personnel is serving, is responsible for the proper and effective organization, administration, and employment of such personnel. In the discharge of this responsibility, these commanders will be governed by the policies established pursuant to the provisions of paragraph 3. 5. Juriopiction.--The jurisdiction of the Counter Intelligence Corps is limited by the counterintelligence jurisdiction of the command with which it is serving. The extent of this jurisdiction in the zone of the interior will be limited by the Delimitation Agreement of February 22, 1942, entered into by Military Intelligence Division, Office of Naval Intelligence, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. In departments, and defense, service, and base carommands overseas, jurisdiction is limited by the counterintelligence responsibility of the comend. In theaters of operations, jurisdiction is limited by the policies of the comr. rding general of the theater, and by existing international agreements. 6. Power of arrest.--j. The personnel of the Counter Intelligence Corps on duty in the United States has only that power of arrest which all citizens of the [inited States possess; that is, the power to arrest any person in the act of committing a felony. b. Counter Intelligence Corps personnel in theaters of operations will have full power and authority to make arrests in cases within its jurisdiction where it is apparent that the arrest being made is essential to the performance of the:counterintelligence mission and that its accomplishment is not in violation of any policy of the commanding general of the theater of operations with respect to such enforcement activities. 7. Publicity.--a. The fact of the existence of the Counter Intelligence Corps will not be considered as classified information. However, every effort will be made to keep identities, locations of personnel, and methods of operation confidential. In the event that contact Is unavoidably made with individuals connected with the press, radio, or other news agencies, every effort will be made to prevent publicity.. Since Counter Intelligence Corps personnel will, from time to time, be used in undercover capacities, identification cards furnished such personnel will bear no military title. This applies particularly to post exchange and gasoline cards. It is deemed advisable that Counter Intelligence Corps personnel be addressed by all concerned as "Mister" during conversations twhich might divulge the identity of such personnel and its connection with the Counter Intelligence Corps, in a manner which might be detrimental to the Military Intelligence mission. Normally, such personnel will be addressed as "Mister" when in civilian clothing arnd by military title hen in uniform., Eqtsasia will be placed upon the protection of the identity of Counter Intelligence Corp. persannel both in the interest of the missjon and to protect the lives of the personnel. The identity of mmbers of the Corp. will be disclosed to the minimum number of civilian or military persomnel. All members of the Corps are constantly subject to being placed on undercover or other missions where a knowledge by others of their identity would seriously jeopardie the success of the mission axd erdanger their lives. -'2 -

Page  30 SECTION I I ORGAN I ZATION Paragraph General....... 8 Disposition...... 9 Replacement of personnel... 10 Command.....11 Internal organization of detachment 12 8. ( D1. --1. The Counter Intelligence Corps is composed of such commissioned and er listed personnel as may be authorized by the Chief of Staff, United States Army. Personnel I service comands, departments, and in oversea defense, service, and base cnommands, and with Army Ground Forces and Army Air Forces organizations, is attached and is carried chargeable I War Dtepartment overhead; it is not chargeable to allotments of personnel authorized for such commands. These cormmnands will carry Counter Intelligence Corps personnel as over and above their existing Tables of Organization. Personnel in theaters of operations will be assigned t such theaters and will not be carried as War Department overhead. These theaters will ext case all normal command and administrative functions with the following exceptions: fl) Neither officers nor enlisted men will be ttansferred into the Counter Intelligenc( Corps, nor relieved therefrom, without the prior approval of the Assistant Chief of Staff, GWar Department, except in instances of gross inefficiency or for disciplinary reasons. f2) Enlisted personnel will not be promoted from the classification of agent to the classification of special agent without prior approval of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War department. (3) Enlisted personnel which is coumnissioned either through Officer Candidate School, c directly, will not be returned to the Counter Intelligence Corps except with the orior approval of the Assistant Chief o( Staff, G-2, War Department. b. The supervision over the Corps rendered by the Military Intelligence Service will t exercised through the Office of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, which office will be organized and operated under the Chief, Military Intelligence Service, War Department. 9. Dispos:tion.--Counter Intelligence Corps personnel will be utilized directly under the supervision and control of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department, when necessary. Normally, however, detachments will be attached or assigned to headquarters of conmmands which are charged with counterintelligence responsibilities. It is the responsibility of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department, to furnish personnel as provided for tc theat..ers of operations, departments, and oversea defense, service and base commands, Army Ground Forces and Army Air Forces, and service commands in the zone of the' interior. A.. Service Commands in the zone of the interior.--The Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, Department, will furnish to each of the service commands in the zone of the interior, authori zation for detar-mcnts of appropriate strength., These detachments will be of sufficient strength to provide the personnel necessary in accomplishing Counter Intelligence Corps msslons, and to serve as reservoirs of personnel to be relieved from attachmet thereto and assigned or attached to other cgrnsnds as needed. b. Departments and oversea defense, service and base comsnds.--Counter Intelligence Corps detacraents will be attached to departments and oversea defense, service and base commends in accordrnce with Tables of Organization, based upon the needs of such commands, and I consideration of the extent of the counterintelligence responsibility of the command. Bases and other der-uiments or comrimands which are component parts of defense or other larger commands will not normally be furnished detachments, but necessary personnel will be placed with them on detached service by the higher ccmnad to which a detachment has been attached. Ary Cr-ound Forces and Army Air Forces units in the zone of the interior.--Counter - 3 -

Page  49 Intelligence Corps detachments will normally be attached to units of the Army Ground Forces and the Arm Air Forces In the zone of the interior for operational and training purposes in ac-,Ordame with Tais of OrEIOAnti*sii ta l.hli4sd for much inita,. Such persnnel will not norrmally be attached to Army Oround Frorces echelonc lower than divisions nor Lu to Army Air Forces echelons lower than air forces or the air force cornwnds. 1. Theatr of Operations.--(1) All Counter Intelligence Corps personnel in a theater of operations will be assigned to the headquarters of that theater. The headquarters of the theater will have assigned to it the detachment provided for by its initial Table of Organization. Thereafter, as Army Ground Forces or Army Air Forces units arrive in the theater of operations with Counter Intelligence Corps detachments, those detachments will, after the arrival of the unite, be relieved from such attachment by the commanding general of the theater, and assigned to theater headquarters, the theater Table of Organization being thereby automatically increased. The commanding general of the theater of operations may, thereafter, in his discretion, place Counter Intelligence Corpe personnel on detached service with such tactical units within the theater as he considers require such personnel. Upon the departure of tactical units from one theater of operations to another, the commanding general of the theater from which the units are leaving, will attach Counter Intelligence Corps detachments of appropriate strength to such units prior to their departure, the Tables of Organization being, accordingly, altered. These detachments will move to the new destination of the units and there be assigned to the headquarters of the new theater of operations, again with appropriate changes in Tables of Organization. (2) Theater commanders, in placing Counter Intelligence Corps detachments on detached service with tactical units within the theater of operations, or attaching such personnel to units departing therefrom, will constantly maintain, to the fullest extent practicable in view cf available peracnnel, adequate Counter Intelligence Corps personnel assigned to the theater headquarters for Caounater Intelligence missions vital to the theater of operations and the greographical area covered by it. 10. ReDlacesant of versonnel.--Replacements of lost personnel and necessary increases in letachet strength will be furnished to the various commands by the Assistant Chief of Staff, 3-2, War Department, within authorized Tables of Organization, upon request made to him and.cording to the availability of personnel. V 11. Conmand.--Each Counter Intelligence Corps detachment will be under the command of Lhe senior Counter Intelligence Corps officer thereof, and the conmmanding officer of the de-.achment will be responsible for all matters relating to the detachment to the connanding Cfficer of the cormand with which it is serving, through the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, 4-2, or 8-2, of that comand. 12. Intral organization of detachment.--a. The commanding officer of a Counter In-.elligence Corps detachment will establish such internal organization within the detachment snd make such distribution of Counter Intelligence Corps personnel, through the area involved, is may be directed by the comanding officer of the oorrmnand with which it is serving. In inking such dispoeition of personnel and establishing such internal organization, the commander:f the area will consider fully the mission of the detachment and will carefully weigh the recommndaticrns of the detachment commander.4 b. Since the strength of Counter Intelligence Corps detachments furnished to various cssd will vary, the internal organization of such detachments will not be uniform. Howtver, in every instance w-ere circum-tances permit, the Counter Intelligence Corps headitarters should be established physically removed from the other sections of the command headJuarters. When the size of the detachiwit will permit, it may be organized internally into "ive sections as follows: (i1 Administrative sectionr--Personnel required for maintaining records and performing:lerical dutes. (V) Counterisrpionage section.--Personnel whose experience, training, and natural aptiude f(t them for cunterespionage activity. (31 CumtcrabtoRe section.--Personnel familiar with plant, cammnication, port, and ransjn'tatica secarity, mechanical and electrical engineering, and other allied subjects pmlifyng tin to perform security surveys ad make recommendations based thereon. -4 -

Page  5(4) Technical section.--Personnel with technical training and expererce qualifyLng them to perform duties connected with iphotography, sound recording, telephone atpervision, betectimn of secret inks, and other technical Investigative activities. (51 General assignment sectlO1.--Personnel not possessing specialized training or experience qualifying them for assignment to one of the above enumerated sections. SECTION III PERSONNEL Paragraph General................. 13 Procurement of commissioned personnel.. 14 Qualifications of commissioned personnel. 15 Procurement of enlisted personnel... 16 lifications of enlisted personnel.. 17 kground investigations...... 18 13. QGneral.--The Counter Intelligence Corps is composed of officers and enlisted men whose natural and cultivated abilities, talents, characteristics, and professional qualificaLions are such as to fit them for certain specialized activities peculiar to counterintelligence operations. They are selected, investigated, equipped, and intensively trained un er the direct supervision of the Assistant (Chief of Staff, 0-2, War Department. 1he personnel cf the Corps is divided into four classifications: a. Officers.--The commissioned personnel of the Corps is composed of calified officers of the arms and services assigned to the Counter Intelligence Corps, Military Inttlligence Service, War Department. b. Special agents.--Special agents are enlisted men possessing Investigative, linguistic legal, technical or other qualifications to a marked degree, who have been selected because the have been proved loyal, intelligent, self-reliant, and resourceful. i. Agenp.--Agents are enlisted men who possess characteristics, training and experience which make them potential special agents. d. Clek.--Clerks are enlisted men whose training as typists, file clerks, and stenographers qualifies them for such duties. 1 i':,r,;-.,.::,-. -;r i.. r ' l'-r o;3 IPl.--'.....Z..r::I.L 3.ief of Z"ta f, G-2, 'ar lepartment, is charged with the responsibility of taking action to accomplish the procurement c roperly qualified officer personnel for assignment to the Counter Intelligence Corps and the relief from assignment to the Corps of officers found not qualified for continued assignment tC it. Commissioned officers will not be assigned to the Counter Intelligence Corps nor relieved therefrom except with his approval. In selecting officers for assignment to the Counter Intelligence Corps; and in determining upon the relief of officers from such assignment, consideration will be given to theerecommendations in the case made by the Assistant (Chief of Staff, G-2, A-2, S-2, or Director of Intelligence of the corrand in which the officer is desire for service or in which, in the case of relief from the Corps, he is serving at the time the action is contemplated. b. So far as practicable, commissioned personnel will be obtained from awong former enlisted men of the Counter Intelligence Corps who have been conmissioned after graduation from accredited Officer Candidate Schools. However, any commissioned officer may make application through normal military channels for assignment to the Corps. Iu is not the policy of the Counter Intelligence Corps to request original commissions for civilians, nor for enlisted men in the Corps. - 5 -

Page  6c. The Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps will, from time to time, make arrangements whereby a limited number of Counter Intelligence Corps enlisted personnel may attend Officer Candidate Schools, and, upon graduation therefrom, be assigned to the Corps as comrussioned officers. The names of the enlisted personnel recommended by the Assistant C.efs of Staff, G-2, A-2, or S-2; and the Directors of Intelligence concerned, for assignment c Officer Candidate Schools, under such arrangements, will be furnished to the Chief, Counter inr.tel.igece -r +"rnipat e fr rfinal annrnval1. d. No obstacle will be placed in the way of any Counter Intelligence Corps personnel dgsiring to attend Officer Candidate Schools, pursuant to provisions of AR 625-5. If recommended by the command from which Counter Intelligence Corps enlisted personnel is ass:gned to an Officer Candidate School, the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department, will, if practicable, take the action necessary to have such personnel reassigned to duty with t.e Counter Intelligence Corps, in commissioned capacity, upon graduation from Officer Candicate School. 15. Qualifications of commissioned personnel.--The specialized mission of tne Counter Intell igerce Corps makes it necessary that its ccrrissioned personnel te except"cr~. -y wel-;ualif led, and highly desirable that they possess previous experience warranting tr.er assignment to the Corps. Except in special instances, commissioned personnel who does not possess ore or more of the following qualifications will not be assigned to the Counter Intelligence Corn: a. College education, preferably followed by study of law; b. Experience in investigative work; c. Experience in Military Intelligence Service, or Counter Intelligence Corps activities, or both;. Linguistic qualifications in one or more languages pertinent to the mission of the Counter Intelligence Corps. 16. Procurement of enlisted personnel.--a. The Assistant Chief of Staff,.-2, War Cepartment, is charged with the responsibility of taking action to accomplish tr.e procurement of properly qualified enlisted personnel for assignment to the Counter Intelligence Corps and the relief from assignment to the Corps of enlisted men, found not qualified for continued assignment thereto. The responsibility for the procurement of enlisted personnel may te delegated to the Directors of intelligence of the service commands in the zone of the interior. Such enlisted personnel will be procured in accordance with policies established by thle Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department. The relief of enlisted personnel in the classificat:on of clerk or agent may similarly be delegated to the Directors of Intelligence of the service commands in the zone of the interior. b. Enlisted personnel of the Army may make application for assignment to the Counter Intelligence Corps to the (Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, through appropriate charrels. c. Request, where appropriate, for the assignment to the Counter Intelligence Corps of soldiers who are found suitable, may be initiated to the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, by any Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, A-2, or S-2, or the Director of Intelligence who desires the assignment to be effected. d. Soldiers, who in civil life had investigative experience, are given a classificataor of "301 Investigator', and upon entrance into the Army, their identities will be furnished by classification officers to appropriate authority for consideration for the Counter intelligenc Corps. The Office of The Adjutant General, War Department, will furnish to the (Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, the names of all enlisted personnel in the Army who have special language qualifications. t. Close liaison will be maintained with civilian investigative organizations by the offices concerned with procurement of Counter Intelligence Corps personnel, in order to determine when personnel of such organizations is inducted into the Army. It will be the responsibility of offices charged with Counter Intelligence Corps procurement to provide for the identification at induction centers of individuals apparently suitable for assignment to the Corps, and to insure that cnsideration is given to all such personnel with a view to such assignment. I. Subject to the procurement policies established by the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department, the transfer of enlisted men to the Counter Intelligence Corps, as agents or clerks, will be accomplished through the adjutant general of the service ccasnd desiring such -6 -

Page  7transfer, provided the individual desired is within the jurisdiction of that command. In the event the individual is not within the jurisdiction of the command concerned, request for his transfer will be made to the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, who will initiate the action necessary to accomplish transfer. ions ad. le ce ad ig ins S2, e, 1,, inclusive, for clerks; (2) Education- graduation from high school, or equivalent thereof; (3) Military training - completion of a minimum of eight weeks actual basic military training at a Replacement Training Center; (4) At least one of the following: (a) Linguistic fluency in one or more foreign languages; S (b) Technical experience of value to the Counter Intelligence Corps, such as abilities in the fields of photography, electrical engineering, laboratory technician, etc.; (c) Experience in investigative work, or in allied fields; (d) Aptitude for general Counter Intelligence Corps activities and undercover ass igkrmsents, (g) Actual ability as a stenographer-typist (for clerks only). b. Waiver of one or mdre of the above basic qualifications may be granted by the Chief, Cortter Intelligence Corps, in his discretion, and upon receipt of a request that such a waiver be grtanted, accompanied by an explanation of the consideration believed to justify granting it. c. Since the mission of the Counter intelligence Corps is extremely broad in scope, it is necessary tr.at personnel of the Corps be diversified as to qualifications, training, and experience. Imagination must be used by procuring authorities to secure personnel with civilian and military experience in multitudinous fields of endeavor in order that undercover and other secret missions, both foreign and domestic, may be properly carried out. Personnel with larjuage, travel, legal, and investigative experience are particularly useful for assignment to tne Corps, out these factors in and of thempelves are not necessarily controlling. Primary consideration should be given to an individual's loyalty, integrity, aggressiveness, and entusiasm in "is work, and also to his mental capacity for adapting himself to varying situaticns and concItions with which ne will be faced. d. Since the duties assigned to personnel of the Corps are arduous and exacting, it is essential tha:, with a few exceptions, personnel selected for assignment to the Counter Inteligence Corps be qualified for general military service. 18. Backrround investigations.--a. It is essential that all personnel assigned to the Canter Intel:gence Corps be thoroughly and completely investigated. The responsibility for accmplishing such investigation rests with the office of origin of the case involving investigat on of his suitability. b. No individual, either commissioned officer or enlisted man, will be assigned to the Corter Inte'llgence Corps until sufficient investigation has been made to establish strong irC:cations of tis suitability for such assignment, and personnel assigned prior to the completion of full investigation will, so far as practicable, be denied access to secret and confidential information. No member of the Corps will be approved by the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, for promotxon to tne classification of special agent until a thorough and ccmirete inves::gation has been accompliahec with respect to him.

Page  8SCTIOt IV TRAIN ING Pa.-raph General..... Training program.2 19. General.--a. The control of all Counter Intelligence Corps tr..-r:rg activ.ties,.ancluding prescribing curricula, will be exercised by the Chief, Counter Intelligence Covrps. b. The objective of the Counter Intelligence Corps training system will be to furnis commissioned and enlisted personnel a series of intensive and thorough courses of instructira designed to qualify such personnel to perform the duties to be required of it, wherever it might be attached. c. The commands with which Counter Intelligence Corps personnel is serving will prov:de appropriate specialized training for such personnel to qualify it for the particular duties t be performed. U 20. Training program.--a. The Directors of Intelligence of the service commanes in te zone of the interior will establish Counter Intelligence Corps preliminary training schools for the purpose of providing newly assigned personnel basic instruction ir. subjects:mportant to such personnel in the performance of its mission. The curricula for such schools will be prescribed by the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps. b. In addition to the establishment of preliminary training schools, tnese Directors of Intelligence will also make provision for continuous traintng of Counter:rntelligence Corps personnel through retraining programs and through the frequent conduct of special courses n specialized subjects. c. The Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, will establish an advanced training schocl for the purpose of providing graduates of Counter Intelligence Corps prel:r.minary schools further general training of broader scope and in more advanced form. This course of instruction will be furnished to enlisted personnel only after such personnel has been fully investigated and has successfully completed a preliminary training school. A special course may te provided at this school, in the discretion of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, for cc-a missioned personnel and other courses of specialized nature may be proviae- by that school, as directed by the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps. d. The Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, will establish a staging area throun whic. commissioned and enlisted personnel will be processed prior to departure for assignment to headquarters of theaters of operations and, where deemed appropriate, prior to departure fcr attachment to Army Ground Forces or Army Air Forces units in the zone of tre intericr. In this staging area, the personnel will be given refresher military training, nighly special: training of the type needed in preparation for its contemplated assigrmer.t together with tre necessary specialized equipment and training in the use thereof, and careful orientation for the contemplated duties. e. The training given to Counter Intelligence Corps personnel by Arty 'round Forces arC Army Air Forces units to which it is attached in the zone of the interior, will be prescrired by the unit commander who will, through this training, prepare the persornel for service overseas. - 8 -

Page  9I f. Counter Intelligence Corps personnel attached to zone of interior commands, will take a minimum of 3 hours per week physical exercise designed to improve the physical fitness of this personnel and compliance will be reported on the daily report of activities (CIC Form No. 1). It is the responsibility of every Counter Intelligence Corps detachment commander to provide for adequate physical training for all personnel of his commurand. In this connection, it is essential that personnel of the Counter Intelligence Corps serving with such commands be given periodic refresher instruction in basic military training. SECTION V ADfINISTRATION Paragraph 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 21. 5eneral.--a. The Assistant Chief of Staff, 0-2, War Department, is responsible for the proper administration of the Counter Intelligence Corps and for final decisions in all matters cf policy governing the operation of that Corps.. ounter Intelligence Corps detachments attached to various commands will be attached to the neacq-uarters of such commands for administration, clothing, pay, rations and quarters.:. r.ternal administration of Counter Intelligence Corps detachments is the responsibility of;ne detachment comrander who is responsible for this to the commander of the organizationr w:t which the detachment is serving through the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, or A-2, or S-2, or Director of Intelligence, concerned. d. When serious disciplinary action is deemed advisable by commanders of detachments, appropriate evidence in memorandum, form will be submitted to the Assistant Chief of Staff, 0-2, or A-2, or S-2, or director of intelligence of the command concerned for appropriate action..,trAy unsatisfactory conduct on the part of a member of the Counter Intelligence Corps resulti-y from the use of intoxicants in any form will be subject to inmmediate and severe disciplir:-y action. e. Shoulc any member of the Counter Intelligence Corps require edical attention, not requ:rag nospitalization, he will secure that attention through the nearest post, camp, of tne p st, carp, or station selected. In rare cases where such intelligence officer cannot be co.acte:, the commanding officer or the adjutant of the hospital may be consulted. If nesp:.e zat'on is requirei, the above procedure may be followed, provided necessary mrdicai a:ention may be secured without jeopardizing the individual's confidential status. In eerge.:aes, or in situations involving individuals who are operating undercover, when it is irra zcable to utilize tne facilities of a post, camp, station, or other Army hospital, the fazzli..es of the nearest civilian hospital may be utilized. In the event that it is necessary Lo utilize such facilities, a report should be mnde promptly to the Assistant chaef of 5ttaff, t-2, or A-2, or 5-2, or the director of intelligence concerned. This officer stll rr-ar.je for ine payment of expenses incurred an accordance with existing Army Regula0 ion.. - 9 -

Page  1022. Records and reports.--a. All records wnich tend to establish the identities, locsrLions, or activities of Counter Intelligence Corps personnel, will be give= a classlf:cattcn sufficiently high to insure adequate safe-guarding of the information contaned in such records. b. Officers' Qualification Cards (W.D., A.G.O. Form No. 66-1) for Cr--ter Intelligence Corps commissioned personnel attached to various cormmands and assigned to cauter Intelligence Corps, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, are retained by the Personnel Cffice,, Military Intelligence Service. Entries on these cards will be made in that office when the officers submit the proper material. It is the individual responsibility of every officer tD submit this material or to insure that it is submitted by proper authority. Qualification cards of officers assigned to other commands will be sent to those commanris upon such assignment and will be handled in conformity with existing regulations. c. Efficiency reports will be rendered on Counter Intelligence Corps Commissiored personnel in accordance with the provisions of AR 600-185. Such reports w-nh respect to officers assigned to the Counter Intelligence Corps, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, and attached to a command will be sent to the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, for final disposition. d. Efficiency reports, Counter Intelligence Form No. 3, with respect to special ager..ts attached to various commands, will be prepared by detachment commanders anC submitted by 1st Indorsement by the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, or A-2, or S-2, or Direc:ar of Intelligence of the command to which the detachment is attached, to the Chief, Counter.telligence Corps, semi-annually, on June 30 and December 31. Such reports with respect to er.isted personnel assigned to a cocanrd will be prepared and handled in accordance with existr'.g regulations. In addition, efficiency reports will be rendered upon the transfer of spectal agents, from one cotrand to another, or upon transfer from the Counter Intelligence Corps. An eff:ciency report will not ordinarily be rendered covering a period of 1 month or less, but may =e rendered if, in the opinion of the reporting officer, the service appears to rave been unusual through merit or lack thereof. These reports will be forwarded by the repcr-ing office within 10 days after the period covered by the report. Only One copy of an effciency report will be made on each individual, and this copy will be forwarded through trhe Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps to The Adjutant General, War Department. The efficiency of Counter Intelligence Corps personnel should not be judged upon the basis of the volume of Wises completed, but rather upon the character of the work done and the exercise of judgment nd ingenuity in its accomplishment. Whenever an efficiency report contains entries that may e considered in any sense unfavorable, the reasons for the entries will be clearly stated. "nffavorable official communications will normally be attached to efficiency reports; however, reporting offices are not required to attach thereto administrative admonitions or reprimands which, as corrective measures, have served their purpose in creating or maintaining efficiency. e. In addition to the records maintained by the headquarters with whch Counter Intelligence Corps detachments are serving, all Counter Intelligence Corps detachments serving with Army Ground Forces or Army Air Forces units or in theaters of operation, will maintain a confidential morning report. This record will be maintained at all times and will report a chronological personnel history of the detachment. W. D., A. G. 0. Form No. 1 (Morning Report) will be used for this purpose and will be marked confidential. f. In addition to such reports as operational circumstances may require, each detachment will furnish to the Assistant Chief of Staff, 0-2, or A-2, or S-2, or te Director of Intelligence of the command with which it is serving, a monthly Counter Intelligence Corps Situation Report. A copy of this report will be sent at the time it is prepared directly to the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps. Negative reports, when appropriate, will be submitted The report will be brief and will contain appropriate remarks covering subjects indicated below: (1) Current strength showing officers and enlisted men separately and cy grade. This will include a roster noting changes which have occurred during the month reported on (2) Statistical summation of cases, pending and closed, indicating the character thereof Special difficulties being encountered in operation or administration. - 10 -

Page  11(4) Specific needs including personnel, funds, equipment, or supplies. This should indicate also unnecessary equipment and supplies on hand. Reports made by detachments on detached service will be rendered to the theater G-2 through the G-2 or A-2 of the tactical unit with which the detachment is on detached service. i. Special Counter Intelligence Corps Situation Reports will be rendered whenever circumstances warrant. 23. Assignment, promotion, and transfer of commissioned personnel.--a. Changes of station within the Counter Intelligence Corps of officers assigned to CounterIntelligence Corps, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, will be made at the direction of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, in accordance with the needs of the Service. The assignment of officers to theaters of operations and the transfer of suda personnel from such assignment will be made at the direction of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, with the concurrence of the theater concerned. b. Promotion is based onr War Department Policy and covered by current War Department regulations and directives. Recommendations for the promotion or demotion of Counter Intelligence Corps comrrnissioned personnel assigned to the Counter Intelligence Corps, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, will be submitted to the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department, through the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, for necessary action. Recommendations for prorotion will, in addition to the data required by War Department instructions and regulations, contain the following: fl) Co.ponent of officers. (AUS, Res., etc.) (2) Military history and date of birth. (3) Date of assignment to Military Intelligence Service or Counter Intelligence Corps. (4) fate of last promotion (or date of original appointment). j. Recor mendations for demotion will be accompanied by full particulars and will be in form to be forw-arded to proper authority for final action without further correspondence. d. Fromirction and demotion of officers serving under commnanders who have been granted au-hority to promote and/or demote on their own initiative will be made in conformity with existing War Department instructions, regulations, and policies without reference to the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department. e. Copies of all special orders affecting the duty status of commissioned personnel assigned to Counter Intelligence Corps, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, will be submzitted to the Office of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, War Department. 24. Assir.nment promotion, reduction and transfer of enlisted personnel.--a. Assignment of enlisted personnel to the Counter Intelligence Corps will be accomplished in accordance with policies esteblished by the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department. b. Charges of station of enlisted personnel assigned to the Counter Intelligence Corps, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, will be made at the direction of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, in accordance with the needs of the Service. Individuals, groups of individuals, or whole detachments may be relieved from attachment to one command and attache; " a..e'.: -.,,enr a cournana is airected to relieve personnel, not specified by name, from attachment to t, and send such personnel for attachment or assignmentr to anotner command, every effort w:ll be made to send well-trained and properly qualified personnel. No agent or clerk w l be tr.-ansferred from attachment to one command for attachment or assignment to another, until a full bakground investigation has been completed with respect to him, unless the individual in question is specifically required to be transferred. The assignment of enlisted personnel to tr.eaters of operations and the transfer of such personnel from such assignment wi>j be flde at the direction of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, with the concurrence of the theaters concerned. C. Framotions of enlisted personnel, within the limits of established tables of organizati.n, will be made by the connander of the command to which the detachment is assigned, actinj upon recnendation made by the detachment conmander, subject to the limitation set forth 11 -

Page  12in 4 below. Fromotions of enlisted personnel attached to a command may be made by the cammander of the command within the limits of promotion furnished for the attached:etacment, subject to the limitation set forth in 4 below. d. No enlisted Pan, including Counter Intelligerce Corps agents and clerks, will.e appointed special agent without the prior approval of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Ccr-ps. e. Reductions in grade of enlisted personnel will be made by the corrarcer of the command to which such personnel is attached or assigned, except that an enlisted wan will nct be, reduced from special agent to agent or clerk without prior approval of the C-.ef, Counter Intelligence Corps, except as the result of court-martial proceedings. f. Agents and clerks attached to service commer.ns inr. the zone of the -:rterior, may be relieved from assignment to the Counter Intelligence Corps by the comnander of the cormar4 to which such personnel is attached. Special agents will not be relieved from assignment t.c the Corps without prior approval of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, except in emergency situations making such action imperative. In such event, fu.ll information wth respect to the action taken and the reasons therefor will be furnished without delay to the Chief, Cour.nter Intelligence Corps. g. Copies of all special orders affecting the cuty status of Counter intelligence Corps enlisted personnel assigned to Counter Intelligence Corps, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, will be submitted to the Office of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, War Depar tment. 25. Finance.--a. The missions to which Counter Intelligence Corps personnel is ass:gned are often exceptional in character, requiring unusual and unforseeable activitie? and ex~enditures. The Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, or A-2, or the S-2, or the Director of Intelligence of any command to which Counter Intelligence Corps personnel is assigned or attached, is authorized to furnish to Counter Intelligence Corps detachments Military Intelligence funds necessary to such detachments for the accomplishment of their mission. These funds will De supplied from Military Intelligence funds available to the G-2, or A-2, or 5-2, or Director of Intelligence concerned. Necessary supervision over the expenditure of the Mihitary Inter.igence funds will be maintained to prevent excessive expenditure as compared with results obtained. b. Counter Intelligence Corps personnel in the zone of the interior and overseas, operating in civilian clothing, who are not furnished Government rations and quarters will be provided per diem payments in the amount provided for by applicable finance regulations or wil be placed on commnutation of rations and quarters. c. In consideration of the fact that Special Agents and Agents of the Counter Intelligence Corps, in performing their investigative duties, frequently find themselves in a position where there is an urgent and immediate need for cash, every Special Agent and Agent of the Counter Intelligence Corps will be required to have in his possession at all times, except following an emergency expenditure, not less than twenty dollars ($20.00) or,:n the case of personnel serving overseas, a similar amount of the approptiate currency. d. Subject to the provisions of e below, all travel performed by commissioned and enlisted Counter Intelligence Corps personnel for official business of the Army, which is necessary in Military Service, will be accomplished in accordance with official travel orders, and reimbursement therefor will be made in accordance with existing Army Regulations. t. Reimbursement from Military Intelligence funds allotted to the commands concerned for the following expenses, when such expenses are incurred in the performance of investigative duties in connection with official tsiness of the Military Intelligence Service, will not normally be questioned by the Chief, Military intelligence Service. (i) 7ravel.--(a) Reimbursement to connissioned and enlisted personnel of the Counter Intelligence Corps f or expenses incident to the performance of official business of the Military Intelligence Service will be made from "Travel of the Army" funds on mileae vouchers (Standard Form No. 1071) or on per diem vouchers (Standard Form No. 1012); or from Military Intelligence funds disbursed by the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, or A-2, or 2-2, or the Director of Intelligence concerned. In some instances, partial reimbursement may be made both 1 12 -

Page  13from "Travel of the Army" funds and Military Intelligence funds. (See (d) below). It is believed that few instances will arise where "Travel of the Army" funds cannot be used to cover at least part of the cost of travel of officers and enlisted men, and every effort should be made toward the conservation of Military Intelligence funds and the utilization of "Travel of the Army" funds. (b) Official travel orders.--Reimbursement to officers and enlisted men of the Counter Intelligence Corps for the difference between the total mileage or per diem allowance and the toxal of actual normal expenses incurred while traveling under official orders will normally not be questioned by the Chief, Military Intelligence Service. All travel incident to inspection trips, attendance at conferences, permanent changes of station, and other official business not directly connected with actual investigative duties will be performed on official travel orders in accordance with the existing Army Regulations. In this connection, attention is invited to the fact that confirmatory orders My be secured when circumstances preclude the issuance of orders in advance. (c) Reimbursement for mileage, not to exceed five cents (50) per mile, for local travel, by privately owned automobiles, when the officers of Counter Intelligence Corps detachments, or Counter Intelligence Corps enlisted personnel concerned are not traveling under official travel orders will normally not be questioned. (d) Additional reimbursement of Counter Intelligence Corps enlisted personnel for mileage, at a rate not to exceed two cents (24) per mile, when traveling under official orders providing mileage at three cents (3~) per mile in accordance with paragraph 10, AR 35-4540, will normally not be questioned. In this connection, attention is invited to the fact that Qftien may be advisable to utilize repeated travel orders. Special agents and agents of the Counter Intelligence Corps should be encouraged to use their privately owned automobiles wherever it is believed that the use of such transportation will increase the efficiency with which cases are handled. Their attention should be invited, however, to the fact that the Government will not be held liatle for any damage which might result from accidents involving such privately owned veicles. Special agents apd agents of the Counter Intelligence Corps who use their privately owned motor vehicles should be encouraged to take out insurance policies covering property damage and personal liability. (e) "vern.ert automobiles (civilian type) furnished for Counter Intelligence Corps. i. Stzrage Cnar.'es.--Normally, the division engineer, having jurisdiction, will provide for the rernt.al of garage space in the vicinity of branch offices. Such arrangements should be effected through the Office of the Assistant Cief of Staff, G-2, or A-2, or S-2, or the director of in.ell igence concerned. L. -Esolire. oil and 2reasin.--Normally, when practicable, credit cards should be issued for the servicing of Government automobiles (civilian type) with gasoline, oil, lubricating, and car washing. These cards will be issued by the quartermaster of the:ommnand in which the Counter Intelligence Corps detachment is located. They -should tear fictitious names, as accounting for purchases will be made according to the ser:al numbers of the cards. A statement for each card of all purchases made, together with the sales slip, should be sent to the commanding officer of the Counter Intelligence Corps detachment concerned, at the end of the month, for transr.zssior. to the quartermaster for the checking of the bill rendered by the vendor.. MKentenance repairs, and tires and tubes.--Replacement of tires and tubes, on an exchange basis, can normally be obtained from the Motor Transport District. When a rair.ntenance repair is necessary, a request should be made for a job order on the ouarterraster maintenance unit which Is to make the repair. In making the request,.nte requ.isitlion number, serial number, motor number, and make of the vehicle should be stated. For break-downs on the road, the car should be towed to the nearest maintenance shop, or be taken to a civilian garage, and the officer in charge of -ne detachment concerned should be notified. This officer should call the Motor ransport District officer for instructions. In emergencies, when Government sources are not available, garage rent, minor repairs, and the necessary expendiu-es for the operation of these cars may be made and reimbursement therefor may be claimed on a confidential subvoucher. Amounts of gasoline and oil so purchased will be held to the minimum necessary to reach the nearest point of Government supply in Lte course of a mission. 13 -

Page  144. Maintenance records.--A log will oe maintained for each automobile, s-owing the daily mileage for each operator, the total mileage and the case numters, or purposes for which the vehicles were used. in addition, it may be advisable to maintain Motor Vehicle Service Record books on each Government-owned Counter Intelligence Corps motor vehicle. (2) Public transportation.--Reimbursement for trolley fares, bus fares, taxi fares, rental of automobiles, and ferry travel will normally not be questioned. The use of taxis and' the rental of automobiles should be kept to a minimum, consistent with maxima efficiency in accomplishing missions. This method of transportation is expensive and should be used only in exceptional cases. (3) Charges for parking and for rental of storage space. (4) Tollse Incurred.--Tolls incurred in the use of privately-owned motor vehicles, and those furnished by the Government for Counter Intelligence Corps use, where passes are not furnished, normally will not be questioned. (5) Comnunications.--Telephone calls aod telegrams on official matters are proper -narges against Military Intelligence funds, when official Government telephone and telegraph service is not available. Telephone calls and telegrams concerning personal matters not of an officia nature, are not proper claims for reimbursements. Reimbursements for the cost of installati service, where necessary in the interest of the Government, and the rental charges for su& telephones, normally will not be questioned. (6) Purchase of information and salaries of informants.--The cost of the entertairment of informants who furnisn,or who are known to be qualified to furnish, information of defin-te value to the Military intelligence Service constitutes a proper claim for reimbursement. Such expenditures must be left to the judgment of individual special agents and agents, but tue occasion for such expenditures must be reasonable and appropriate, and of definite value to the investigation in progress. Lavishness will be avoided in order not to arouse suspicion. Counter Intelligence Corps personnel may claim reimbursement for drinks and meals taken by themselves under circumstances necessitating their doing so in conjunction with irnformers or contacts. Habitual use of this method of investigation will be avoided. (7) Gratuities or tips.--Gratuities or tips in reasonable amounts constitute proper claims for reimbursements. (8) Certain items of equipment and supplies.--Reimbursement for certain items of equipment and supplies needed immediately to assist in the securing of information of definite value; that is, tape, wire, film, rope, etc., normally will not be questioned. This wi!l include, in the case of detachments overseas, the local purchase of necessary equipment wh:& has not been furnished to the detachment by higher Counter Intelligence Corps echelons or w4-un, having been furnished, has become lost, destroyed, or unserviceable, and must be replacer without delay. (9) All other normal expenses.--All other normal expenses incurred in investigatior. of appropriate cases not mentioned specifically herein, are properly reimbursable from Military Intelligence funds. This will be interpreted to include extraordinary living expenses irncurred by the necessity of the character of the duties assigned. (10) Subsistence--(). Reimbursement for actual expenses.--In cases where enlister special agents and agents are absent from their official stations in connection with actual investigative duties pertaining to official business of the Military Intelligence Service, and find it impossible to obtain their meals at their boarding houses, the reimbursement of such personnel from Military Intelligence funds for the actual expenses incurred in procuring the necessary meals will normally not be questioned by the Chief, Military Intelligence Service. (_) Deducticn for commutation of raticns.--Nhen Counter Intelligence Corps personnel is not subjected to the costs outlined in (a) above, the total of the commutation of rations alloance granted such personnel while on the DEML, in accordance with AR 35-452Z, should be deducted from the total of the expense accounts on which reimbursement is claimed. (11) quatrte.--The total of the allowance for commutation of quarters for Counter intelligence Corps personnel on the DE2L shoulj be deducted from any claims for reimbursement for - 14 -

Page  15cost of quarters incident to the investigative duties of such personnel, unless such personnel maintains quarters of a permanent nature when, at the same time, it is required to spend certain periods of time away from such quarters on official business for the Military Intelligence Service. (12 Sipne-nts of property.--Except ir emergencies, the quarterrester designated to supply the concerned station should be called upoc. to provide for sh: ments of material necessary for the conduct of Military Intelligence Service activities. 26. Civilian clothir.ng.--a.Allowances for civilian clothes.--(1) When enlisted personnel is transferred to the Counter Intelligence Corps, it will be provided with the seasonable clcthirr necessary to protect its health and identity. Normally, the cost of this initial procures.ert of civilian clothinrg will not exceed one hundrea and twer.ty-five dollars ($125.00) ho.ever, this amount may be exceeded provided it is deterr.ir.ed that the additional clothing required isactually necessary. The responsibility for making this determination rests with thc Assi&Ltar. Chief of Staff, 3-2, or A-2, or S-2, or Director of Intelligence of the command to which such personnel is assigned or attached. So far as practicable without jeopardizing necessary security, issue clothing (underclothes, handkerchiefs, towels, and similar items) should be used by enlisted men of the Corps. Military Intelligence funds should be used for the purcnase of such items only when the use of issue clothing is impracticable from the point of view of the mission to be performed. (2) Provided enlisted personnel assigned to the Counter Intelligence Corps has certain civilian clothing which it desires to use, only such additional items of clothing as actually may be required should be procured; therefore the entire initial allowance need not be expercied at once. (3) This initial civilian clothing allowance is not authorized for soldiers who reenlist eranic are retained on duty with the Counter Intelligence Corps. No additional initial clothing allowance will be allowed members of the Counter Intelligence Corps upon recalling such ir&cividuals to active duty from an inactive status. (4) In addition to the initial allowance prescribed in (2) above, Counter Intelligence Corps enliste: personnel is authorized a clothing maintenance and replacement allowance of one hundred and forty-four dollars ($144.00) per annum. This mair.ntenance allowance is ave.ilable to tnhis personnel at the rate of twelve dollars ($12.00) per month, and cannot be dra.m in advance. (5) Special clothing needed to accomplish specific Counter Intelligence Corps missions may be procured and furnished to Counter Intelligence Corps personnel without regard to the aliLance prescribed in (2) and (4) aove. (6) tle. essential, approoriate clothing will be obtained for Counter Intelligence Corps personned regardless of expenditures for clothing which may have been made by or for the ind:vidua. ir. Question upon previous occasions. (71 Srince Counter Intelligence Corps enlisted clerks mormally are nriot required to perfors investigative duties, civilian clothing normally will not be furnisned them. Enlisted clerks assignec to undercover offices may be furnished civilian clothir.g as Drescribed in the precedinr.g st.4.ragraphts. (6) The allowances for civilian clotting prescribed in the preceding subparagraphs will be oefraed frcr Military intelligence funds. These allownces are furnished solely for the purpse of aipplying clothing needed by Counter Intelligence Corps personnel in the performance of Jaelr assirmtd dutIes and do not accrue to the nan. nor should they autonatically be autz.orized no: allowed when not actually required. (9) Articles of civilian clothing purchased for members of the Counter Intelligence Corps will be classed as expendable and will be dropped from accountability in accordance witt the prowiona of paragraph Ic, AR 35-662D. 15 -

Page  16Cro b. Mixture of civilian clothing and uniform.--Under no circumstances shcuzld a mixture of civilian clothing and uniform clothing be worn simultaneously by Counter Intelligence Corps personnel when to do so might disclose the connection of such perscrrel with the Army or arouse ccmarnent. deemed ad vi tielec "ItA.* (2) Expenditures for civilian clothing for Counter lntelligence Corps {Sucvoucher to Confidential Voucher Form No. 6).--A separate voucher for each agent to cover expenditures for civilian clothing will be submitted after purchases have been made. The voucher will show each item and the cost thereof and will be supported by receipted bills of sale or sales slip. The officer in charge will certify on the voucher that the item purchased were necessary.

Page  1728. Salaries, gifts, gratuities, and favors.--a. Funds received by Counter Intelligence Corps personnel as payment for services rendered employers, while such personnel is employed in "undercover capacities", normally will be turned over to the commanding officers of Counter Intelligence Corps detachments to which such personnel is assigned. The commanding officers of Counter Intelligence Corps detachments receiving such funds will obtain United States Postal Money Order, made payable to the Treasurer of the United States, in the amounts indicated, and will forward such money orders to the Finance Officer, Military Intelligence Service, for final disposition. Fxpenses incurred by Counter Intelligence Corps personnel in the performance of such "undercover missions" will be paid from Military Intelligence funds in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 25. b. No member of the Counter Intelligence Corps shall receive any gift, favor, or gratuity from, or make such payments to any individual-firm, group, organization, or society, without specific authority of the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, or A-2, or S-2, or director of intelligence of the commarnd to which he is attached or assigned. SECTION VI a.s SUPPLY Paragraph General.............'...................... 29 Procurement of investigative equipment and supplies.................30 Property responsibility and accountability.....................31 &rAmmunition.......................... 32 Vaintenance of investigative equipment....................... 33 msoline rationing "C' boocs................................. 34 rocurement of tires and tubes for privately owned automobiles.............................................. 35 29. -eneral.--a. The type of work performed by the Counter Intelligence Corps requires tre use of certain types of supplies and equipment not normally provided in standard 'fales of Equipment. The procurement of Counter Intelligence Corps investigative e u pment and supplies w!Ill be accomplished by the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, wnc will furnish initial issues of Counter Intelligence Corps supplies and equipment to detachments attached or assigned to the various commands. Replacement of such supplies and additional needed supplies will be furnished to these detachments by the Zhief, Counter Intelligence Corps, upon request made to him through military intelligence channels. Detachments on detached service will requisition upon the detachment from w.ich they are on detached service for replacements and for additional supplies and equipment. L. F4qaipment and supplies, other than.Counter Intelligence Corps investigative K. equipint and supplies, will be obtained upon requisition made by the commanding general of the comennd to which the detachment is assigned'or attached upon the appropriate.-......ff: e, c" L servny{". L1"s s4'wi" 1l..e wi be furniehein eeccrdance wito. I.D., A.G.O. letter File No. AG 400 (16 Jul 43) OB-S-B-M, Subject, "Special list of E.u:pr.ent and Supplies for the Counter Intelligence Corps', 17 July 1943, and the spe:al list of equipment inclosed therewith. 3C..rozrement of investigative equipment and supplies.--a. All procurement of Counter intelligence Corps investigative equipment and supplies will be accomplished by the Cnief, Counter Intelligence Corps, who is charged with the responsibility of selecting.;.rocuring, storing, and issuing all such equipment and supplies. He will Dttair. tne necessary equipment and supplies from the Army Service Forces which procure fneo in accoraance with approved requirements included in the Army Supply Program. -17 -

Page  186 Q. The Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, may make local purchases of investgative equipment and supplies when an emergency exists, and when Army Service Forces is unable to provide the desired materials within the time available. Such purcnases may be made with Military Intelligence funds, but the approval of the Finance Officer, Military Intelligence Service, G-2, War Department, must first be obtained, when such purchases amount to five hundred dollars ($1500.00) or more. d. Local procurement is authorized to be made from Military Intelligence Service funds ty tne Assistant Chief of Staff, -2, or A-2, or S-2, and Directors of Intelligence Civisions, we the investigative equipment and supplies are essential to the accomplishment of emergency missions and cannot be promptly obtained through the normal channels of supply. 31. Property responibility and accountability. --a. Responsioility and acccuntat.lity for Counter Intelligence Corps property will be maintained in accordance with Army Reg.laticns. Attention is particularly invited to War Department Circular MO-D-M, Subject: "Pclicy Governng Property Accountability in Theaters of Operation", 21 February, 1942. 1.. Accountable officers for Counter Intelligence Corps property will be appcnted for tree Office of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps; for the Counter Intelligence Corps Advanced Training School; and for all Counter Intelligence Corps detachments. These officers will perform the duties as prescribed for accountable officers in AR 35-6520, 35-6640, and 35-6680. 32. Ammunition.--a. The.38 caliber special revolver and the.45 caliber automatic pistol are the standard weapons of the Counter Intelligence Corps. Other weapons, carbines, caliber.30 Ml, and Grenades, hand throwing (dummy), are authorized for training purposes only. The following per individuals allowances of training ammunition per annum for personnel of Counter Intelligence Corps have been authorized by the Secretary of War, pending publication of an appropriate change to AR-775-10: Cartridge cal..30 Ball (Rifle) 50 rounds Cartridge cal..30 Carbine 40 rounds Gartridge cal..45 Pistol Revolver 25 rounds Cartridge cal..45 SMG 25 rounds Cartridge cal..38 Revolver "200 rounds 'Includes 100 rounds for qualification, 100 rounds for combat, close combat and special training. An additional 100 rounds "Ball" ammunition per individual will be maintained for emergency (initial issue only of this quantity will be made). An allowance of 50 rounds of caliber.38 special revolver ammunition is authorized for use in training commissioned officers and enlisted personnel while assigned as students at tne Counter Intelligence Corps Advanced Training School. k. Counter Intelligence Corps detachments attached or assigned outside the continental liamits of the United States, including Alaska, will direct requests for all types of ammunition listed in I above, to the Ordnance Officer of their respective commands. 18 -

Page  19c. Counter Intelligence Corps detachments attached to the service commands in the zone of the interior, will requisition ammnnunition from the Property Officer, Counter Intelligence Corps, Supply Depot, 2327 North Charles Street, Baltimore, Maryland. The basis for issue will be computed on the actual strength of the Counter Intelligence Corps organization concerned, as of tne date of the requisition. Ammunition allowances are not cumaulative. 33. Maintenance of investigative equipment.--All items of technical equipment will be anequately maintained, the cost of such maintenance being properly payable from military intelligence funds. Equipment which becomes damaged or unserviceable should be disposed of in accordance with existing Army Regulations. 34. Gasoline rationing "C" books.--. The Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, will arrange for nthe procurement of an adequate supply of gasoline rationing "C" books for issue to personnel of the Counter Intelligence Corps operating personally owned or Government-owned enicles, on official business within tne continental limits of the United States. b. The gasoline rationing "C" books will be issued by the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, to rne Directors of Intelligence of the service commands in the zone of the interior, for reissue to all Counter Intelligence Corps detachments stationed within the geographical limits of tneir respective commands. Requests, in blocks, for gasoline rationing 'C' books should be submitted to the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, wnen needed. 35. Prourmnent of tires a nd tube for privately owed automobis.--It is the responsibili ty of tne Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, to effect arrangements with the Office of Price Administration to provide new tires and tubes for personally owned automobiles of Counter Intelligence Corps personnel who use their cars principally for official business of the Military Intelligence Service. Counter Intelligence Corps personnel requiring tires and tubes for personally owned automobiles will submit to the Director of Intellig ence of tne command of the area in which such personnel is serving (thether attacted to toat command or to An Army Ground Forces or Army Air Forces unit stationed therein) application for needed tires and tubes. The Director of Intelligence will thereupon fore.rd Office of Price Administration Form No. R-1 properly accomplished to the Chief, Counter IntellIgence Corps, togetner with a request that an authenticated certificate for purchase of tires or tubes be issued by the Office of Price Administration. The Director of intelligence will accompany this request with a certification that a 'C' gasoline rationing book issued by the Office of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, has been reissued to tne automobile for wnich ne tires or tubes are desired. Upon receipt of this request, tne O Cief, Counter Intelligence Corps will take necessary action to secure from the Office of Price Administration and forward to the requesting Director of Intelligence an a.athenu.cated certificate for tne purchase of tires or tubes. SECTION VII OPERATI ONS Paragraph General.................................... 36 Channels of ciminicatlon........................ 37 Credentials and dges............................. 38 Duties and funcuons of Counter Intellgence Corps detacnments............. 39 Cochdination................................................. 40 Leason wn.dz o.er agencies............................ 41 Civil sitaatior overseas........................................ 42 Special ma ciona............................... 43 19 -

Page  20-- 36. CGeneral.--The Assistant Chief of Staff, G-Cr2, har Department, is responsible for tne formulation of policies governing the operation of Counter Intelligence Corps persconnel. The actual operational activities of Counter Intelligence Corps detacumenLs are a function of command and the commanding officer of sucn a detachment is responsible to tne comnding general of the command witn wnicn one detachment is serving for tne operat.on of the oetachment. He is tne operational Counter Intelligence Corps advisor to the 3-2, A-2, S-2, or Director of Intelligence of tne commano concerned. Within tne policies estatlishpd by the Assistant Chlef of Staff, G-2, War Department, the control and direction of the operations of Counter Intelligence Corps detachments lies witn the commancinrg officer zf tue command to wnicn the detachment is attacned or assigned and regardless of wnether it it assigned or attached. The recommendation of the Counter Intelligence Corps aetachment. commander snould be considered in determining upon missions wnicn may involve Counter Intelligence Corps personnel. In formulating plans for offensive intelligence action, it is advisable that the Counter Intelligence Corps detachment commarnder Ce consulted concerning probable enemy counterintelligence measures. 37. Channels of communicat'ion.--Counter Intelligence Corps channels of com~lc.ation are the same as those prescribed for other intelligence organizations. Direct co amunication between Counter Intelligence Corps detachments of adjacent units is autnorized rienever circumstances justify it. Direct communication between commanding officers of Counter Intelligence Corps detacnments and the Office of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps is autnorized on all administrative matters. 38. Credentials and badges.-a. The Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department, 4 responsible for tne design and procurement of Counter Intelligence Corps credentials end badges. Commands witn whicn Counter Intelligence Corps personnel are servng will requisition necessary credentials and badges together with necessary supplies and instructions required for the issuance of such credentials and badges from the Chief, Cotnter intelJlgence Corps to be issued to the personnel entitled to them. The credentials will e tnineuticated by the Assistant Chlef of Staff, G-2, A-2, or 6-2, or the Director of Intelligence of te command to Wich t.ne detachment for wiicn credentials or badges are being issued is attached or assigned, and proper records witn respect to the possession of the credentials and amdges will be maintained by his office. The Office of the Chief, Counter Intelligence Corps, will be advised of the issuance of any badge or credential by the coomand issuing it, and mocthly Reports of ChQnange wih respect to badges and credentials will be furnished to the Chief, Canter Intelligence Cofrpe, by every comr.nd to which such b#Uges and credential ' nave ten funi, shed. ]. Counter Intelligence Corps credentials and badges should never be taken to the front lines or elsewhere where there is a serious danger of their loss or capture. Counter IntelliDnce Corps personnel will be constantly reminded that the careless lose of Counter Intelligenrce Corps credentials or badges is a serious offense. They will, however, also be instructed that the failure to report such a loss is a more serious offense than the loss itself. Periodic inspections at intervals of not more than three months will be made.of Counter Intelligence Corps credentials and badges. 39. Duties and functions of Counter Intelligence Corps detacnments.-- a. The duties and functions ol the Counter Intelligence Corps fall, generally, into two categories: tne - investigative, rear echelon mission, including safeguarding military information, secur against t Une activities of enemy agents and rear echelon counterintelligence functions in general; and tue field security mission, including counterintelligence measures performed in forward echelons. (1) General investigative and rear echelon mission.-- This part of the Counter Intelligence Corps mission includes tne investigation of cases and other appropriate duties wituin te scope of the counterintelligence jurisdiction of tne command to whicn the personnel concerned is assigned or attached. The scope of the jurisdiction of tne Corps will De limited in the 7one of tne Interior oy the Delimitation Agreement of 22 February, 1942. Overseas it will De limited by existing agreqements entered into Dy tne comanding general of tne command or area concerned. Included in this category all be tne following general auties" (a Provisions of TN z0-a0s.-- Assisting in tne estaolisnment and functioning of vne provisions of IN 30-305 (Confidential) 27 Maren 1942, fnc furnianing investigative coverage

Page  21Iollowing: 1. Investigation of actual or apparent instances of or plans for espionage, sabotage, -ntiallied propaganda, harmful rumors, Fiftn Column act.ivities, disaffection, or otner subversive activities within or affecting tohe armed forces. 2. The performance of security surveys to determine tre security of camnication, transportation lines, storage and supply facilities, neadqu.arters, and other military activities and installations from adverse actions of enemy agents, and the recommendation of security measures to be taken Lased upon surveys conducted. However, Counter Intelligence Corps personnel will not be used to accomplish the actual protection of sucn installations or the implemetation of the recomendations made. The function of the Corps in this crmection is advisory. This does not preclude tne use of Counter Intelligence Corpe personnel to make periodic chnecks with respect to the effectiveness of security measures taken. 4. The maintenance of constant liaison witn Signal Intelligence Service and the performance of investigations resulting from intercepts inuxcaung nthe existence of enem; a.bA. - 21 -

Page  22a:ostd to traliizhRLe tn tf i-rt.. kit e er. CtgE.L LtiLI6L0cLu trhe tact:c.... OpeCLaQCo. t what tticluut te SCCUtib F!u formattrn ot couzt.erirtellehce value.1t.IUr C cCt r..rtuectit, a tCLrti Les 01 ene'y agezts. The rerZ-ren.cc 41 tese tes aj: Le uL!ts.ed as tcllow&: M6UCnT 0t enen.y freadquarterbi, illets, and personnel and beature bsri L cant UrtcfLtd ft Arrest of known enemy agents and aangerous sympauiters. fstatflisment of an informer net cased upon inlmei ate COfltr.ct wit COwf. cfer.cs '. ~ei.ure of tclephon.e excfahnaea and/or racto stations, arrangements:or tneir prot.ect=or. until LCJ t Lre tken over cy proper personnel. (e) Stoppin5 of all civilian coumnications by mail, radio, telepnorne, telecrapn end tne seilure of all mail and civilian post boxes an aoft ne records of all radiz~end telej rapr s tation~s. 1t Estaohisnment of contacts with local ofticiJ1s C1) In tne event of wiu tarawal, tne searcn of evacucted neadquarters, of-ouac areas, tillets and otner insta.llationu and areas for aocwu'ents or material wi cn woui: te of value to Lne enemy and one sateguardinb or aestruction, as required ry circua aLances, ot u.oteril1 fouia. (Q) The control of retugees to prevent enemy infiltration. u. Wnile division gas been nm de above Detweern the general investigative xr sion ana tne field security mission, con cone witnin tne general mission of tne Counter:ntelligence Corps and dutied coming within tne scope of either will ce performe y of Cyunter Irteilteisece Corps personnel wnen appropriate wnetter sucn persorinel be in tre r or.e of tr.e initerior, in a tneater of operations, in an oversea defense, service or Lase ccrnanrC, or witn atactical unit at ute Army Ground Forces or Army Service Forces eitner it. Une zone of tie interior or overseas. g, Counter IntelliBence Corps personnel attacned to tactical units may:e used for routine nousekeepirng uuties w:en suca use will not interlere wit tn'ie proper perfortance of its primary functions as outlineu in tnis manual. 4V. Coordination. --a. 3uccesaful operations of tne Counter Intelligence C.rrs frequently depend upon tne rapid and concerted action of several Counter Intelligence Corps aetachments or elements tnereof. Suca teamworK can only be properly developed cy close and constant liaison between the coomnding oflicers of Counter Intelligence Corps detcccrments and inoividual contacts, where feasiole, tetween ine enlisted personnel of such:e tacnmenta. L. To accomplish, Usia coordination, one conmvnding officer of tne Counter Intelligence Corps detacnment in eacn theater of operations will naintain close contact wian tne ofticers in cnarge of the detactments tnrougriout riis tneater and will require tncse Olficers to aintain close liaiso among tnaemselve at all times. Similarly, in OPe zone of use interior, tne courvanding officers of tne Counter Intelligence Corps detacrneents ittacneo to tactical units of nigner eCitelons will maintain Close contact wits tr.e commanding officers Of detacarents attacned to lower ecaelons, in order tnat tne activities of 41l may te coordinated. 41. Liaison wiho oter ajencies.--The courwanding officers of Counter Intelligence COrps de6taserats and use personnel of sucn detacnments, totn in tne zone of tne interior asno in theaters of operc.tions, will foster close liaison and mutual cooperation cetween tnt Counter Intelligence Corps and tac Corps of Military Police in use sane area. In tnieaters at operations, every effort will be made by all Counter intellibence Corps persoatnel to estatlisan and maintain cooperation witn local law enforcement agencies and the Intelligence ad Militar, Police Orbanizations of Allied Arnacs. hmpiaasis will be placed upon tnte element of tnt operations of Lute Counter Intelligence Corps in tneaters of operbtionb. 7.i

Page  2342. Civil situation overseas.--a. Counter Intelligence Corps detachments entering new atreas with tactical units or as the initial detachment assigned to a new theater headqiarters.ill take appropriate steps to become oriented at tne earliest practicable moment. The personnel will seek to familiarize itself witn local political and economic conditions, racial and religious elements and problems, the particular outstanding customs and cnaracteristics of the civilian population, and the attitude of the population toward tne war. b. Having egun nthe orientation outlined in q above, the Counter Intelligence Corps det.acnment will prepare itself, within the policies establianed by the commanding general of tne theater of operations, to make discreet contact with friendly elements in the area and to identify nostile &and neutral individuals and groups, taking appropriate action witn respect to tnem. These friendly elements will form the nucleus of informaent nets to be established. 43. Special missions.--Counter Intelligence Corps personnel is frequently required to perform special missions involving complicated activities and highly specialized capa.bilities. The numter of individuals selected for a mission of this character will depend upon the mission arnc ne circumstances out, normally, not less than two individuals will be assigned. hbenever practicable, a cormissioned officer will be placed in charge of such a mission. It is important tnat. indiviauals selected for special missions be familiar with eac. other's me nods of operation and nave full confidence in eacn other's ab ility. (A. G. 3CC.? (9 Aug 43).) By order of tne Secretary of war: G. C. MARSHALL, Chief of St aff. OFF IAL: J. A. ULIC, Major General, The Adj::.ant General. 24-S 0 c C - 23 -

 

16 Dec 2015